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Types of Wood Flooring


Imagine a stunningly smooth, draught free, Natural Wood Floor. Nothing compares to the finish of a real wood floor; keeping you fresh and cool during summer or toasty warm in winter.

Hardwood floors come in a wide variety of wood species, colours and widths. Besides the classic hardwoods (like red oak, white oak, maple, ash, beech, cherry, birch) many manufacturers now offer exotic hardwood species (like jotoba, merbau, mahogany, walnut, tigerwood, bamboo, ebony, teak) from all over the World. Exotic hardwoods give homeowners the chance to better express their own personal decorating tastes with a more unique looking floor. With so many different types of hardwood flooring now available it is sometime hard to choice which is best suited to you.

Different Types of Wood Flooring

Solid wooden floors are one solid piece of wood that have tongue and groove sides and come in either pre-finished or unfinished styles. Solid wood floors are sensitive to moisture and it is not recommended to install these floors below ground level, or directly over a concrete slab. These floors are for nail-down installations only. You can refinish, or recoat solid wood floors several times, which adds to their appeal and to their long life. There are solid floors that are over 100 years old and are still in good condition.

All solid wood floors will react to the presence of moisture. In the winter heating months, moisture leaves the wood causing the floor to contract which leaves unsightly gaps between each plank. In the summer months when the humidity is higher the wood will expand and the gaps will disappear. If there is too much moisture it may cause the wood planks to cup, or buckle. This is why it is important when installing a solid strip floor to leave the proper expansion area around the perimeter and to acclimatize the wood prior to installation.

Engineered Wood Floors

These floors are constructed from several wood plies that are glued together. The centre core is generally a softer wood material and is used to make the tongue and groove. A hardwood finish layer is glued on top of the centre core and another softer wood ply is attached underneath the core. This top ply is also called the finish layer and can be constructed of almost any wood specie.

Wood always wants to expand in a certain direction. In the presence of moisture solid wood planks will always expand across the width of the planks, rather than down the length of the boards. To avoid this problem, manufacturers of engineered planks place each ply in the opposite direction of each other. This is called cross-ply construction. Once the wood layers are glued together the plies will counteract each other which will stop the plank from growing or shrinking with changes in the humidity. Engineered wood floors are designed for the floating installation and can be glued together or some now come with a click system.

Factory Pre-finished Wood Flooring

Most factory finished hardwood floors have several coats of finish applied to the wood's surface. As example, many wood floor companies are applying 6-10 coats of a ultra-violet (UV) cured urethane. This would be extremely difficult for someone to duplicate on a job site finish, not to mention how many days it would take. This is one of the reasons why many flooring mechanics, flooring retailers, and builders are pushing pre-finished hardwood floors. Instead of taking several days to install and finish a new hardwood floor a pre-finished hardwood floor is generally done in one day.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

If you want a custom stained hardwood floor, or a wood floor to match existing trim than a unfinished hardwood floor is your answer. Unfinished means you start with a bare hardwood floor and than the floor is sanded, stained, and finished in the home. This can be quite a mess and the process does take several days, but your floor will have a finish to you requirements.

Parquet Floors

Parquet floors are usually long lasting and require little or no maintenance. Unstuck blocks are re-glued. Bitumen glued blocks require use of either hot bitumen or a cold bitumen emulsion, as other glue types do not adhere to bitumen.

Parquetry is a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect. The two main uses of parquetry are as veneer patterns on furniture and block patterns for floors. The patterns of parquet flooring are entirely geometrical and angular squares, triangles, lozenges. The use of curved and natural shapes constitutes marquetry rather than parquetry. The most popular parquet flooring pattern is herringbone.


Timber contrasting in colour and grain, such as oak, walnut, cherry, lime, pine, maple etc. are sometimes employed; and in the more expensive kinds the richly coloured mahogany and sometimes other tropical hardwoods are also used. While not technically a wood, bamboo is also a popular material for modern floors.

Parquet floors were formerly usually adhered with hot bitumen. Today more modern cold adhesives are usually used. Parquetry can be installed over concrete, plywood, or old timber floor.


(French parqueterie, from parquet.) The large diagonal squares known as parquet de Versailles were introduced there in 1684, as parquet de menuiserie ("woodwork parquet"), to replace the marble flooring that required constant washing, which tended to rot the joists beneath the floors. Such parquets en lozange were noted by the Swedish architect Daniel Cronström at Versailles and at the Grand Trianon in 1693.


Our Parquet Floor Sanding and Parquet Floor Restoration service cover the following Dublin areas:
Postcodes covered: D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D6W, D7, D8, D9, D10, D11, D12, D13, D14, D15, D16, D17, D18, D19, D20, D21, D22, D23, D24, Dublin Co. Dublin.
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We supply and fit Engineered Wood Floors, Oak Hardwood Floors, Real Wood Floors, Engineered Wood Flooring, Engineered Hardwood Floor, Walnut Laminate Flooring, Real Wood Floor, Cheap Wood Flooring, Solid Wood Floors, Wooden Floor, Cherry Wood Floor, Cheap Laminate Floor, Merbau Wood Floors, Engineered Oak Floor, Maple Floors, Jotoba Floor, Iroko Floor, Engineered Iroko Floor, Solid Maple Flooring, Engineered Hardwood Flooring, Cheap Hardwood Flooring, Solid Wood Floor, Walnut Wood Flooring, Cherry Wood Flooring, Beech Flooring, Solid Oak Floors, Oak Wood Flooring, Oak Wood Floors, Reclaimed Flooring, Laminated Floor, Reclaimed Wood Floors, Quick Step Flooring, Maple Flooring, Walnut Flooring, Exotic Hardwood Flooring, Exotic Flooring, Exotic Floors, Exotic Floor, Bamboo Flooring, Teak Flooring, White Oak Flooring, Lapacho Flooring, Pine Flooring.